Evidence for the professional standards

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1.Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA). Nurse practitioner standards for practice [Internet]. Canberra: NMBA; 2014 [cited 2020 March 29]. Available from:https://www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au/Codes-Guidelines-Statements/Professional-standards/nurse-practitioner-standards-of-practice.aspx

2.Royal College of Nursing Australia (RCNA). Position statement: advanced nursing practice [Internet]. Canberra: RCNA; 2000 [cited 2008 February 25]. Available from: www.rcna.org.au

3.Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA). Code of conduct for nurses [Internet]. Canberra: NMBA; 2018 [cited 2020 March 29]. Available from: https://www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au/Codes-Guidelines-Statements/Professional-standards/enrolled-nurse-standards-for-practice.aspx

4.Australian Nursing and Midwifery Council (ANMC). Principles for dealing with professional conduct issues [Internet]. Dickson, ACT: ANMC; 2007 [cited 2008 February 25]. Formerly available from:

5.Australian Nursing and Midwifery Council (ANMC). Continuing competence in nursing [Internet]. Dickson, ACT: ANMC; 2006 [cited 2008 February 25]. Formerly available from:

6.Australian Nursing and Midwifery Council (ANMC). Delegation and supervision for nurses and midwives [Internet]. Dickson, ACT: ANMC; 2007 [cited 2008 February 25]. Formerly available from:

7.Australian Nursing and Midwifery Council (ANMC). The development of ANMC national guidelines on boundaries of professional practice for nurses and midwives [Internet]. Dickson, ACT: ANMC; 2008 [cited 2008 February 25]. Formerly available from:

8.Australian Nursing and Midwifery Council (ANMC). A national framework for the development of decision making tools for nursing and midwifery practice [Internet]. Dickson, ACT: ANMC; 2006 [cited 2008 February 25]. Formerly available from:

9.National Nursing & Nursing Education Taskforce (N3ET). National nursing and nursing education taskforce final report [Internet]. Melbourne: Australian Health Minister’s Advisory Council; 2006 [cited 2020 March 30]. Available from: http:www.dhs.vic.gov.au/nnnet/publications.htm

10.National Nursing & Nursing Education Taskforce (N3ET). National nursing and nursing education taskforce – Myth: You may not get the best care from a nurse practitioner [Internet]. Melbourne: Australian Health Minister’s Advisory Council; 2006 [cited 2020 March 30]. Available from: http:www.dhs.vic.gov.au/nnnet/publications.htm

11.National Nursing & Nursing Education Taskforce (N3ET). An atlas of legislation & professional regulation of nursing & midwifery practice [Internet]. Melbourne: Australian Health Minister’s Advisory Council; 2006 [cited 2020 March 30]. Available from: http:www.dhs.vic.gov.au/nnnet/publications.htm

12.National Nursing & Nursing Education Taskforce (N3ET). National nursing and nursing education taskforce – Scopes of practice commentary paper [Internet]. Melbourne: Australian Health Minister’s Advisory Council; 2005 [cited 2020 March 30]. Available from: http:www.dhs.vic.gov.au/nnnet/publications.htm

13.National Nursing & Nursing Education Taskforce (N3ET). National nursing and nursing education taskforce – Pathways for nurse practitioners interim report [Internet]. Melbourne: Australian Health Minister’s Advisory Council; 2006 [cited 2020 March 30]. Available from: http:www.dhs.vic.gov.au/nnnet/publications.htm

14.National Nursing & Nursing Education Taskforce (N3ET). National nursing and nursing education taskforce position statement: Nurse practitioners and clinical practice guidelines [Internet]. Melbourne: Australian Health Minister’s Advisory Council; 2006 [cited 2020 March 30]. Available from: http:www.dhs.vic.gov.au/nnnet/publications.htm

15.National Nursing & Nursing Education Taskforce (N3ET). National nursing and nursing education taskforce – Nurse practitioners in Australia: Mapping of state/ territory nurse practitioner (NP) models, legislation and authorisation processes [Internet]. Melbourne: Australian Health Minister’s Advisory Council; 2005 [cited 2020 March 30]. Available from: http:www.dhs.vic.gov.au/nnnet/publications.htm

16.National Nursing & Nursing Education Taskforce (N3ET). National nursing and nursing education taskforce – Nurse practitioner workforce planning minimum data set [Internet]. Melbourne: Australian Health Minister’s Advisory Council; 2006 [cited 2020 March 30]. Available from: http:www.dhs.vic.gov.au/nnnet/publications.htm

17.International Council of Nurses (ICN). The ICN Code of Ethics for Nurses [Internet]. Geneva:ICN, 2012. [cited 2020 March 26]. Available from: https://www.icn.ch/sites/default/files/inline-files/2012_ICN_Codeofethicsfornurses_%20eng.pdf

18.Health Legislation Amendment (Midwives and Nurses Practitioners) Bill 2009 [Internet]. Canberra: Parliament of Australia; 2009 [cited 2010 March 28]. Formerly available from: www. aph.gov.au/Library/pubs/BD/2009- 10/10bd011.pdf. 

19.Fox VJ, Schira M, Wadlund D. The pioneer spirit in perioperative advanced practice – two practice examples. AORN J 2000;72(2):241–253. DOI: 10.1016/s0001-2092(06)61936-4

20.Campbell J. The evolving context of the PNSA role: Social, professional and personal dimensions. ACORN J 2001;14(2):23–27.

21.Schroeder JL. Acute care nurse practitioner: An advanced practice role for RN first assistants. AORN J 2008;87(6):1205–1215.DOI: 10.1016/j.aorn.2007.07.025

22. Michael R, Williams C. The perioperative nurse practitioner: Reality or myth? A western and eastern state’s perspective. ACORN J 2006;19(4):24–27. 

1.Baillie L, Ilott L. Promoting the dignity of patients in perioperative practice. J Perioper Pract 2010;20(8):278–282 DOI: 10.1177/175045891002000802.

2.Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA). Registered nurse standards for practice [Internet]. Canberra: NMBA; 2016 [cited 2020 March 26]. Available from: https://www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au/Codes-Guidelines-Statements/Professional-standards.aspx

3.Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA). Enrolled nurse standards for practice [Internet]. Canberra: NMBA; 2016 [cited 2020 March 26]. Available from: https://www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au/Codes-Guidelines-Statements/Professional-standards.aspx

4.International Council of Nurses (ICN). The ICN Code of ethics for nurses [Internet]. Geneva:ICN, 2012. [cited 2020 March 26]. Available from: https://www.icn.ch/sites/default/files/inline-files/2012_ICN_Codeofethicsfornurses_%20eng.pdf

5.Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA). Code of conduct for nurses [Internet]. Canberra: NMBA; 2018 [cited 2020 March 26]. Available from: https://www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au/Codes-Guidelines-Statements/Professional-standards.aspx

6.Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA). PS08 BP Statement on the assistant for the anaesthetist: Background paper [Internet]. Melbourne: ANZCA; 2015 [cited 2020 March 26]. Available from:https://www.anzca.edu.au/safety-advocacy/standards-of-practice/policies,-statements,-and-guidelines

7.Weller J, Merry A, Robinson B, Warman G, Janssen A. The impact of trained assistance on error rates in anaesthesia: A simulation-based randomised control trial. Anaesthesia 2009;64:126–130.DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2044.2008.05743.x 

8.Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA). PS59 Statement on roles in anaesthesia and perioperative care [Internet]. Melbourne: ANZCA; 2013 [cited 2014 October 29]. Formerly available from: https://www.anzca.edu.au/safety-advocacy/standards-of-practice/policies,-statements,-and-guidelines

9.Fynes E, Martin D, Hoy L, Cousley A. Anaesthetic nurse specialist role: Leading and facilitation in clinical practice. J Perioper Pract 2014;24(5):97–102.DOI: 10.1177/175045891402400502 

10.Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC). National safety and quality health service standards 2nd ed. [Internet]. Sydney: ACSQHC; 2017 [cited 2020 March 26]. Available from: https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/standards/nsqhs-standards

11.Standards Australia / Standards New Zealand. AS/ NZS 4187:2014. Reprocessing of reusable medical devices in health service organizations (Incorporating Amendment Nos 1 and 2) [Internet]. Sydney: Standards Australia; 2014 [cited 2020 March 23]. Available from: www.saiglobal.com. 

12.Australian Commission on the Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC). National safety and quality health service standard 1: Clinical governance standard [Internet]. Sydney: ACSQHC; 2017 [cited 2020 March 26]. Available from: https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/our-work/clinical-governance/clinical-governance-standard

13.Australian College of Perioperative Nurses Ltd (ACORN). Standards for Perioperative Nursing in Australia 16ed. Adelaide: ACORN; 2020. 

14.Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA). Professional documents [Internet]. Melbourne: ANZCA; 2020 [cited 2020 March 26]. Available from: https://www.anzca.edu.au/safety-advocacy/standards-of-practice/policies,-statements,-and-guidelines

15.Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA). Registration standard: Continuing professional development [Internet]. Canberra: NMBA; 2016 [cited 2020 March 26]. Available from: https://www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au/Registration-Standards/Continuing-professional-development.aspx

16.Australian Nursing Federation (ANF). ANF Policy. Nursing and midwifery within organisational structures [Internet]. Canberra: ANF; 2018 [cited 2020 March 26]. Available from: http://anmf.org.au/documents/policies/P_Nursing_Organisational_Structures.pdf

17.Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA). Decision-making framework for nursing and midwifery [Internet]. Canberra: NMBA; 2020 [cited 2020 March 26]. Available from: https://www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au/Codes-Guidelines-Statements/Frameworks.aspx

18.Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC). National safety and quality health service standard 2: Partnering with consumers standard [Internet]. Sydney: ACSQHC; 2017 [cited 2020 March 26]. Available from: https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/standards/nsqhs-standards

19.Gillespie BM, Gwinner K, Chaboyer W, Fairweather N. Team communication in surgery – creating a culture of safety. J Interprof Care 2013;27(5):387–393.DOI: 10.3109/13561820.2013.784243 

20.Clifford T. Informed consent – Role of the perianesthesia nurse. J Perianesth Nurs 2013;28(6):413– 414.DOI: 10.1016/j.jopan.2013.09.004 

21.Xue Y. Informed Consent (Hospital) [Internet]. Adelaide: Joanna Briggs Institute; 2013 [cited 2015 Mar 16]. Available from: http://connect.jbiconnectplus.org/

22.American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses (ASPAN). A position statement on perianesthesia safety [Internet]. Cherry Hill: ASPAN; 2007 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from: https://www.aspan.org/Clinical-Practice/Position-Statements/Perianesthesia-Safety

23.National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC). Australian guidelines for the prevention and control of infection in healthcare [Internet]. Canberra: NHMRC; 2019 [cited 2020 March 26]. Available from: https://www.nhmrc.gov.au/about-us/publications/australian-guidelines-prevention-and-control-infection-healthcare-2019

24.Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC). National safety and quality health service standard 3: Preventing and controlling healthcare-associated infections standard [Internet]. Sydney: ACSQHC; 2017 [cited 2020 March 26]. Available fromhttps://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/standards/nsqhs-standards/preventing-and-controlling-healthcare-associated-infection-standard

25.Australian College of Perioperative Nurses Ltd (ACORN). Asepsis. In Standards for Perioperative Nursing in Australia 16ed. Adelaide: ACORN; 2020.http://www.acorn.org.au/standards%20%20

26.Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA). PS55 Recommendations on minimum facilities for safe administration of anaesthesia in operating suites and other anaesthetising locations [Internet]. Melbourne: ANZCA; 2012 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from: https://www.anzca.edu.au/safety-advocacy/standards-of-practice/policies,-statements,-and-guidelines

27.Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA). PS28 Guidelines on infection control in anaesthesia [Internet]. Melbourne: ANZCA; 2015 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from: https://www.anzca.edu.au/safety-advocacy/standards-of-practice/policies,-statements,-and-guidelines

28.Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC). Antimicrobial stewardship clinical care standard [Internet]. Sydney: ACSQHC; 2014 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from: https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/our-work/clinical-care-standards/antimicrobial-stewardship-clinical-care-standard

29.Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC). Recommendations for the control of multi-drug-resistant Gram-negatives: Carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae [Internet]. Sydney: ACSQHC; 2013 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from: https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/publications/mrgn-guidelines-enterobacteriacea

30.Australian Technical Advisory Group on Immunisation (ATAGI). Australian Immunisation Handbook [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Government Department of Health; 2018 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from: immunisationhandbook.health.gov.au

31.Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC). National safety and quality health service standard 4: Medication safety standard [Internet]. Sydney: ACSQHC; 2017 [cited 2020 March 26]. Available from: https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/standards/nsqhs-standards/medication-safety-standard

32.Merry AF, Shipp DH, Lowinger JS. The contribution of labelling to safe medication administration in anaesthetic practice. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 2011;25:145–159.DOI: 10.1016/j.bpa.2011.02.009 

33.Merali R, Orser B, Leeksma A, Lingard S, Belo S, Hyland S. Medication safety in the operating room: Teaming up to improve patient safety. Healthc Q 2008;11:54–57.DOI: 10.12927/hcq.2008.19650 

34.Ogboli-Nwasor E. Medication errors in anaesthetic practice: A report of two cases and review of the literature. Afr Health Sci 2013;13(3):845–849.DOI: 10.4314/ahs.v13i3.46 

35.Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC). High risk medicines [Internet]. Sydney: ACSQHC; 2019 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from: https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/our-work/medication-safety/high-risk-medicines

36.Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC). Medication charts [Internet]. Sydney: ACSQHC; [2019 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from: https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/our-work/medication-safety/medication-charts

37.Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC). Tall Man Lettering List [Internet]. Sydney: ACSQHC; 2019 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from: https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/our-work/medication-safety/safer-naming-labelling-and-packaging-medicines/national-tall-man-lettering-list

38.Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC). Safer naming, labelling and packaging of medicines [Internet]. Sydney: ACSQHC; 2015 [2020 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from: https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/our-work/medication-safety/safer-naming-labelling-and-packaging-of-medicines

39.Leach L, Myrtle R, Weaver F. Surgical teams: Role perspectives and role dynamics in the operating room. Health Serv Manage Res 2011;24:81–90.DOI: 10.1258/hsmr.2010.010018 

40.Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA). PS41 Guidelines on acute pain management [Internet]. Melbourne: ANZCA; 2013[cited 2014 October 29]. Available from: https://www.anzca.edu.au/safety-advocacy/standards-of-practice/policies,-statements,-and-guidelines

41.McLean G, Martina D, Cousley A, Hoy L. Advocacy in pain management: The role of the anaesthetic nurse specialist. British Journal of Anaesthetic and Recovery Nursing 2013;14(3–4):43–48. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1742645613000193  

42.Burns J, Magee KT, Cooley H, Hensler A, Montana J, Shumaker D et al. ‘I feel your pain’: A research study addressing perianesthesia health care providers’ knowledge and attitudes toward pain. J Perianesth Nurs 2010;25(1):24–28.DOI: 10.1016/j.jopan.2009.11.001 

43.Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA). PS37 Guidelines for health practitioners administering local anaesthesia [Internet]. Melbourne: ANZCA; 2013 [cited 2014 October 29]. Available from: https://www.anzca.edu.au/safety-advocacy/standards-of-practice/policies,-statements,-and-guidelines

44.Meadows C, Kaul S. Medicines management in the theatre suite. J Periop Pract 2009;19(10):352–357.DOI: 10.1177/175045890901901009 

45.Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC). National recommendations for user-applied labelling of injectable medicines, fluids and lines [Internet]. Sydney: ACSQHC; 2019 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from: https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/ our-work/medication-safety/safer-naming-labelling-and-packaging-medicines/national-standard-user-applied-labelling-injectable-medicines-fluids-and-lines

  1. International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Anaesthetic and respiratory equipment – User-applied labels for syringes containing drugs used during anaesthesia – Colours, design and performance [Internet]. Geneva: ISO; 2008 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from: https://www.iso.org/standard/43811.html

47.Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA). PS51 Guidelines for the safe administration of injectable drugs in anaesthesia [Internet]. Melbourne: ANZCA; 2018 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from: https://www.anzca.edu.au/safety-advocacy/standards-of-practice/policies,-statements,-and-guidelines

48.World Health Organization (WHO). WHO Guidelines for Safe Surgery 2009: Safe surgery saves lives [Internet]. Geneva: WHO; 2009 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from:https://www.who.int/patientsafety/safesurgery/tools_resources/9789241598552/en/

49.Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC). The state of patient safety and quality in Australian hospitals 2019. Sydney; ACSQHC, 2019.https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/publications-and-resources/state-patient-safety-and-quality-australian-hospitals-2019

50.Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC). National safety and quality health service standard 5: Communicating for safety standard [Internet]. Sydney: ACSQHC; 2017 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from: https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/standards

51.Australian Commission for Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC). Specifications for a standard patient identification band [Internet]. Sydney: ACSQHC; 2019 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from:

52.New South Wales (NSW) Health. PD2017_032 Clinical Procedure Safety [Internet]. Sydney: NSW Department of Health; 2017 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from: https://www1.health.nsw.gov.au/pds/ActivePDSDocuments/PD2017_032.pdf

53.Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC). Action 6.8 Clinical handover. In National safety and quality health service standard 6: Communicating for safety standard [Internet]. Sydney: ACSQHC; 2017 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from: https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/standards/%20nsqhs-standards/communicating-safety-standard/%20communication-clinical-handover/action-68

 

54.Arenas A, Tabaac B, Fastovets G, Patil V. Undivided attention improves post-operative anesthesia handover recall. Adv Med Educ Pract 2014;5:215–220.DOI: 10.2147/AMEP.S65361 

55.Spahn DR, Theusigner OM, Hoffman A. Patient blood management is a win-win: A wake-up call. Br J Anaesth 2012;108(6):889–892. https://doi.org/DOI:10.1093/bja/aes166

56.Musallam KM, Tamim HM, Richards T, et al. Preoperative anaemia and post-operative outcomes in non-cardiac surgery: A retrospective cohort study. Lancet 2011;378:1396–1407.DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(11)61381-0 

57.Engelbrecht S, Wood EM, Cole-Sinclair MF. Clinical transfusion practice update: Haemovigilance, complications, patient blood management and national standards. Med J Aust 2013;199(6):397–401.DOI: 10.5694/mja13.10070 

58.National Blood Authority (NBA). National Standard [Internet]. Canberra: NBA; n.d. [cited 2015 March 13]. Available from:

59.Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC). National safety and quality health service standard 7: Blood management standard [Internet]. Sydney: ACSQHC; 2017 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from: https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/standards/nsqhs-standards

60.National Blood Authority (NBA). Patient blood management [Internet]. Canberra: NBA; n.d. [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from:

61.National Blood Authority (NBA). Stewardship [Internet]. Canberra: NBA; n.d. [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from:

62.Sutherland-Fraser S, McInnes E, Maher E, Middleton S. Perioperative nurses’ knowledge and reported practice of pressure injury risk assessment and prevention: A before-after intervention study. BMC Nurs 2012;11(25):1– 10.doi: 10.1186/1472-6955-11-25 

63.National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (NPUAP), European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (EPUAP) and Pan Pacific Pressure Injury Alliance (PPPIA). Prevention and Treatment of Pressure Ulcers: Quick Reference Guide, Emily Haesler (Ed.). Cambridge Media: Osborne Park, Australia; 2014. 

64.Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC). Action 5.21 Minimising patient harm. In National safety and quality health service standard 5: Comprehensive care standard [Internet]. Sydney: ACSQHC; 2017 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from: https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/standards/nsqhs-standards/comprehensive-care-standard/minimising-patient-harm/action-521

65.Nilsson U. Intraoperative positioning of patients under general anesthesia and the risk of post-operative pain and pressure ulcers. J Perianesth Nurs 2013;28(3):137– 143.DOI: 10.1016/j.jopan.2012.09.006 

66.Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC). Action 5.24 Preventing falls and harm from falls. In National safety and quality health service standard 5: Comprehensive care standard [Internet]. Sydney: ACSQHC; 2017 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from: https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/standards/nsqhs-standards/comprehensive-care-standard/minimising-patient-harm/action-524

67.Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC). National safety and quality health service standard 8: Recognising and responding to acute deterioration standard [Internet]. Sydney: ACSQHC; 2017 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from: https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/standards/nsqhs-standards

68.Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA). PS37 Guidelines for health practitioners administering local anaesthesia [Internet]. Melbourne: ANZCA; 2013 [2020 March 27]. Available from: https://www.anzca.edu.au/safety-advocacy/standards-of-practice/policies,-statements,-and-guidelines

69. Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA). PS6 Guideline on the anaesthesia record [Internet]. Melbourne: ANZCA; 2019 [cited 2020 March 27]. Available from: https://www.anzca.edu.au/safety-advocacy/standards-of-practice/policies,-statements,-and-guidelines

1.Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA). Fact sheet: Enrolled nurse standards for practice [Internet]. Canberra: NMBA; 2019 [cited 2020 March 26]. Available from: https://www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au/Codes-Guidelines-Statements/FAQ/Enrolled-nurse-standards-for-practice.aspx

2.Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA). Fact sheet: Registered nurse standards for practice [Internet]. Canberra: NMBA; 2016 [cited 2020 March 26]. Available from:

3.Australian College of Perioperative Nurses (ACORN) Ltd. Standards for Perioperative Nursing in Australia 16ed. Adelaide, South Australia: ACORN; 2020.

4.Standards Australia / Standards New Zealand. AS/ NZS 4187:2014. Reprocessing of reusable medical devices in health service organizations (Incorporating Amendment Nos 1 and 2) [Internet]. Sydney: Standards Australia; 2014 [cited 2020 March 23]. Available from: www.saiglobal.com.

5.Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA). Code of conduct for nurses [Internet]. Canberra: NMBA; 2018 [cited 2017 September]. Available from: https://www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au/Codes-Guidelines-Statements/Professional-standards.aspx

6.International Council of Nurses (ICN). The ICN Code of ethics for nurses [Internet]. Geneva:ICN, 2012. [cited 2020 March 26]. Available from: https://www.icn.ch/sites/default/files/inline-files/2012_ICN_Codeofethicsfornurses_%20eng.pdf

7.Sparkman CAG. Focus on RN-as-circulator legislation. AORN J 2005;82(3):475–477.DOI: 10.1016/s0001-2092(06)60345-1 

8.Staunton PJ, Chiarella M. Nursing and the Law. 5ed. Sydney: Churchill Livingstone; 2003. 

9.Phillips N. Berry and Kohn’s Operating Room Technique. 10ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2004. 

10.Rothrock J. Alexander’s Care of the Patient in Surgery. 15ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2014.

11.Beyea S. Update on correct site surgery. AORN J 2007;85(2):415–418.DOI: 10.1016/S0001-2092(07)60052-0

12.Atkinson R. Correct patient, correct side and correct site surgery. ANZ J Surg 2007;77(10):809–810.DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.2007.04243.x

13.Scheidt R. Ensuring correct site surgery. AORN J 2002;76(5):770–880.DOI: 10.1016/s0001-2092(06)61029-6

14.Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC). Australian sentinel events list [Internet]. Sydney: ACSQHC; 2019 [cited 2020 March 28]. Available from:https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/our-work/indicators/australian-sentinel-events-list

15.Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC). Patient identification [Internet]. Sydney: ACSQHC; 2019 [cited 2020 March 28]. Available from:https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au/our-work/communicating-safety/patient-identification

16.Kwaan M, Studdert D, Zinner M, Gawande A. Incidence, patterns and prevention of wrong site surgery. Arch Surg 2006;141:353–358.DOI: 10.1001/archsurg.141.4.353

17.Seiden S, Barach P. Wrong-side/wrong-site, wrong-procedure, and wrong-patient adverse events: Are they preventable? Arch Surg 2006;141:931–939.DOI: 10.1001/archsurg.141.9.931

18.Association of periOperative Registered Nurses (AORN). Patient safety first alert – implementing a correct site surgery policy and procedure. AORN J 2002;76(5):785– 788.DOI: 10.1016/s0001-2092(06)61031-4

19.Clarke J, Johnstone J, Finley E. Getting surgery right. Ann Surgery 2007;246(3):395–405.DOI: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e3181469987

20. Stokowski L. Perioperative nurses: Dedicated to a safe operating room [Internet]. New York: Medscape; 2007. 

1.Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA). Enrolled nurse standards for practice [Internet]. Canberra: NMBA; 2016 [cited 2020 March 26]. Available from: https://www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au/Codes-Guidelines-Statements/Professional-standards/enrolled-nurse-standards-for-practice.aspx

  1. Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA). Fact sheet: Enrolled nurse standards for practice [Internet]. Canberra: NMBA; 2019 [cited 2020 March 26]. Available from: https://www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au/Codes-Guidelines-Statements/FAQ/Enrolled-nurse-standards-for-practice.aspx

3.Australian College of Perioperative Nurses (ACORN) Ltd. Standards for Perioperative Nursing in Australia 16ed. Adelaide, South Australia: ACORN; 2020.

4.Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA). Code of conduct for nurses [Internet]. Canberra: NMBA; 2018 [cited 2020 March 26]. Available from https://www.nursingmidwiferyboard.gov.au/Codes-Guidelines-Statements/Professional-standards.aspx

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